Himachal Pradesh is a state of India, located in North India. Situated in Western Himalayas. With the borders of Jammu and Kashmir on the north side, Punjab and Chandigarh on the west side, Haryana on the southwest side, Uttarakhand on the southeast side, and the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east side. At its southernmost point, it also touches another state called Uttar Pradesh. The name came from the Sanskrit Language — Hima means ‘snow’ and achal means ‘land’ —by Acharya Diwakar Datt Sharma, one of the state’s eminent Sanskrit scholars.
Himachal Pradesh is known for its natural environment, hill stations, and Ancient temples. Himachal Pradesh had one of the highest per-capita incomes among Indian states and union territories for the year 2014-15 Many perennial rivers flow in the state. Numerous plants produce surplus hydroelectricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab, and Rajasthan. Tourism is the main source for this state and agriculture also plays an important role in the state’s economy.
The state is spread across valleys. About 90% of the population lives in rural areas. Practically all houses have a toilet and 100% hygiene has been achieved in the state. The villages have good connectivity with roads, public health centers, and high-speed broadband services.
Shimla district has the largest urban population in the state at 25%. Notable government actions include a ban on polyethylene bags and tobacco products. According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India’s least corrupt state.